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11 Les influences rococo de Walt Disney rencontrent ses films dans une exposition

Les influences rococo de Walt Disney rencontrent ses films dans une exposition

Art

Walt Disney s'expose pour la toute première fois au Metropolitan Museum à New York. Jusqu'au 6 mars, le musée new-yorkais explore les influences françaises et rococo du cinéaste américain (1901-1966) et ses studios d'animation à travers une soixantaine d'objets et œuvres d'art ainsi que des archives de ses célèbres films.

  • Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Covered vase in the form of a tower, ca. 1762 Soft-paste porcelain 20 1/2 x 9 x 9 in. (52.1 x 22.9 x 22.9 cm.)The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, CA, The Arabella D. Huntington Memorial Art Collection. Image courtesy of the Huntington Art Museum, San Marino, California

    Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Covered vase in the form of a tower, ca. 1762 Soft-paste porcelain 20 1/2 x 9 x 9 in. (52.1 x 22.9 x 22.9 cm.)The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, CA, The Arabella D. Huntington Memorial Art Collection. Image courtesy of the Huntington Art Museum, San Marino, California Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Covered vase in the form of a tower, ca. 1762 Soft-paste porcelain 20 1/2 x 9 x 9 in. (52.1 x 22.9 x 22.9 cm.)The Huntington Library, Art Museum, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, CA, The Arabella D. Huntington Memorial Art Collection. Image courtesy of the Huntington Art Museum, San Marino, California
  • Le Chateau de la Belle au Bois Dormant, Disneyland Paris, 1988 Frank Armitage Gouache and acrylic on board 45 x 21 in. Walt Disney Imagineering Collection © Disney

    Le Chateau de la Belle au Bois Dormant, Disneyland Paris, 1988 Frank Armitage Gouache and acrylic on board 45 x 21 in. Walt Disney Imagineering Collection © Disney Le Chateau de la Belle au Bois Dormant, Disneyland Paris, 1988 Frank Armitage Gouache and acrylic on board 45 x 21 in. Walt Disney Imagineering Collection © Disney
  • Case attributed to André Charles Boulle (French, 1642–1732); After a design by Jean Berain (French, 1640–1711); Clock by Jacques III Thuret (1669–1738) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret (1630–1706) Clock with pedestal, ca. 1690 Case and pedestal of oak with marquetry of tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and pewter; gilt bronze; dial of gilt brass with white enameled Arabic numerals; movement of brass and steel 87 1/4 x 13 3/4 x 11 3/8 in. (221.6 x 34.9 x 28.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Rogers Fund, 1958 (58.53a–c)

    Case attributed to André Charles Boulle (French, 1642–1732); After a design by Jean Berain (French, 1640–1711); Clock by Jacques III Thuret (1669–1738) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret (1630–1706) Clock with pedestal, ca. 1690 Case and pedestal of oak with marquetry of tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and pewter; gilt bronze; dial of gilt brass with white enameled Arabic numerals; movement of brass and steel 87 1/4 x 13 3/4 x 11 3/8 in. (221.6 x 34.9 x 28.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Rogers Fund, 1958 (58.53a–c) Case attributed to André Charles Boulle (French, 1642–1732); After a design by Jean Berain (French, 1640–1711); Clock by Jacques III Thuret (1669–1738) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret (1630–1706) Clock with pedestal, ca. 1690 Case and pedestal of oak with marquetry of tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and pewter; gilt bronze; dial of gilt brass with white enameled Arabic numerals; movement of brass and steel 87 1/4 x 13 3/4 x 11 3/8 in. (221.6 x 34.9 x 28.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Rogers Fund, 1958 (58.53a–c)
  • Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Decoration attributed to the Aufenwerth Workshop Teapot with cover, ca. 1719–30 Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels and gold; metal chain and mounts 6 1/16 x 6 7/8 x 3 7/8 in. (15.4 x 17.5 x 9.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1970 (1970.277.5a, b)

    Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Decoration attributed to the Aufenwerth Workshop Teapot with cover, ca. 1719–30 Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels and gold; metal chain and mounts 6 1/16 x 6 7/8 x 3 7/8 in. (15.4 x 17.5 x 9.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1970 (1970.277.5a, b) Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Decoration attributed to the Aufenwerth Workshop Teapot with cover, ca. 1719–30 Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels and gold; metal chain and mounts 6 1/16 x 6 7/8 x 3 7/8 in. (15.4 x 17.5 x 9.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1970 (1970.277.5a, b)
  • Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Chris Sanders Concept art Pastel on paper and board 20 × 21 in. (50.8 × 53.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Chris Sanders Concept art Pastel on paper and board 20 × 21 in. (50.8 × 53.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Chris Sanders Concept art Pastel on paper and board 20 × 21 in. (50.8 × 53.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • After designs by Juste Aurèle Meissonnier (French, 1695–1750) One of a pair of candlesticks (flambeaux or chandeliers), 1735–50 Gilt bronze 12 1/8 × 7 3/8 × 7 3/8 in. (30.8 × 18.7 × 18.7 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 1999 (1999.370.1a, b, .2a, b)

    After designs by Juste Aurèle Meissonnier (French, 1695–1750) One of a pair of candlesticks (flambeaux or chandeliers), 1735–50 Gilt bronze 12 1/8 × 7 3/8 × 7 3/8 in. (30.8 × 18.7 × 18.7 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 1999 (1999.370.1a, b, .2a, b) After designs by Juste Aurèle Meissonnier (French, 1695–1750) One of a pair of candlesticks (flambeaux or chandeliers), 1735–50 Gilt bronze 12 1/8 × 7 3/8 × 7 3/8 in. (30.8 × 18.7 × 18.7 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 1999 (1999.370.1a, b, .2a, b)
  • Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Kevin Lima Concept art Photocopy, gouache and marker on paper 11 7/8 × 10 in. (30.2 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Kevin Lima Concept art Photocopy, gouache and marker on paper 11 7/8 × 10 in. (30.2 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Kevin Lima Concept art Photocopy, gouache and marker on paper 11 7/8 × 10 in. (30.2 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Gottlieb Kirchner (German, 1706–after 1738, active at Meissen 1727–28 and 1731–33) Lion (one of a pair), ca. 1732 Hard-paste porcelain 21 x 32 3/4 x 13 1/2 in. (53.3 x 83.2 x 34.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Wrightsman Fund, 1988 (1988.294.1)

    Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Gottlieb Kirchner (German, 1706–after 1738, active at Meissen 1727–28 and 1731–33) Lion (one of a pair), ca. 1732 Hard-paste porcelain 21 x 32 3/4 x 13 1/2 in. (53.3 x 83.2 x 34.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Wrightsman Fund, 1988 (1988.294.1) Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Gottlieb Kirchner (German, 1706–after 1738, active at Meissen 1727–28 and 1731–33) Lion (one of a pair), ca. 1732 Hard-paste porcelain 21 x 32 3/4 x 13 1/2 in. (53.3 x 83.2 x 34.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Wrightsman Fund, 1988 (1988.294.1)
  • Anonymous Portrait of Magdalena Gonzales 1580 Oil on canvas 53 3/8 in. × 38 3/4 in. × 2 3/8 in. (135.5 × 98.5 × 6 cm) Schloss Ambras, Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna © KHM-Museumsverband

    Anonymous Portrait of Magdalena Gonzales 1580 Oil on canvas 53 3/8 in. × 38 3/4 in. × 2 3/8 in. (135.5 × 98.5 × 6 cm) Schloss Ambras, Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna © KHM-Museumsverband Anonymous Portrait of Magdalena Gonzales 1580 Oil on canvas 53 3/8 in. × 38 3/4 in. × 2 3/8 in. (135.5 × 98.5 × 6 cm) Schloss Ambras, Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna © KHM-Museumsverband
  • Designed by Narcissa Niblack Thorne (American, 1882–1966) French Boudoir of the Louis XV Period, 1740-60, ca. 1937 Miniature room, mixed media 18 1/4 × 24 3/4 × 23 1/8 in. (45.625 × 61.875 × 57.8125 cm) Scale: 1 inch = 1 foot Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Mrs. James Ward Thorne (1941.1206) Photo credit: The Art Institute of Chicago / Art Resource, NY

    Designed by Narcissa Niblack Thorne (American, 1882–1966) French Boudoir of the Louis XV Period, 1740-60, ca. 1937 Miniature room, mixed media 18 1/4 × 24 3/4 × 23 1/8 in. (45.625 × 61.875 × 57.8125 cm) Scale: 1 inch = 1 foot Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Mrs. James Ward Thorne (1941.1206) Photo credit: The Art Institute of Chicago / Art Resource, NY Designed by Narcissa Niblack Thorne (American, 1882–1966) French Boudoir of the Louis XV Period, 1740-60, ca. 1937 Miniature room, mixed media 18 1/4 × 24 3/4 × 23 1/8 in. (45.625 × 61.875 × 57.8125 cm) Scale: 1 inch = 1 foot Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Mrs. James Ward Thorne (1941.1206) Photo credit: The Art Institute of Chicago / Art Resource, NY
  • Sleeping Beauty, 1959 Eyvind Earle (American, 1916–2000) Concept art Gouache on board 12 × 30 in. (30.5 × 76.2 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Sleeping Beauty, 1959 Eyvind Earle (American, 1916–2000) Concept art Gouache on board 12 × 30 in. (30.5 × 76.2 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Sleeping Beauty, 1959 Eyvind Earle (American, 1916–2000) Concept art Gouache on board 12 × 30 in. (30.5 × 76.2 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Background painting Gouache and graphite on board 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Background painting Gouache and graphite on board 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Background painting Gouache and graphite on board 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Cinderella, 1950 Disney Studio Artist Background painting Gouache on paper 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Cinderella, 1950 Disney Studio Artist Background painting Gouache on paper 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Cinderella, 1950 Disney Studio Artist Background painting Gouache on paper 12 1/2 × 15 1/2 in. (31.8 × 39.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Concept art Gouache, graphite and ink on board 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Concept art Gouache, graphite and ink on board 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Cinderella, 1950 Mary Blair Concept art Gouache, graphite and ink on board 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Mel Shaw (American, 1914–2012) Concept art Pastel on board 16 1/2 × 23 3/8 in. (41.9 × 59.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Mel Shaw (American, 1914–2012) Concept art Pastel on board 16 1/2 × 23 3/8 in. (41.9 × 59.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Mel Shaw (American, 1914–2012) Concept art Pastel on board 16 1/2 × 23 3/8 in. (41.9 × 59.4 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Walt Disney Studios (American, established 1923) The Vultures, ca. 1937 Gouache on two layers of celluloid over watercolor and gouache background 10 1/16 in. × 9 in. (25.5 × 22.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of the artist, 1938 (38.154)

    Walt Disney Studios (American, established 1923) The Vultures, ca. 1937 Gouache on two layers of celluloid over watercolor and gouache background 10 1/16 in. × 9 in. (25.5 × 22.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of the artist, 1938 (38.154) Walt Disney Studios (American, established 1923) The Vultures, ca. 1937 Gouache on two layers of celluloid over watercolor and gouache background 10 1/16 in. × 9 in. (25.5 × 22.8 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of the artist, 1938 (38.154)
  • Thru the Mirror, 1936 Bob Wickersham Clean-up animation drawing Graphite and colored pencil on paper 10 × 12 in. (25.4 × 30.5 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Thru the Mirror, 1936 Bob Wickersham Clean-up animation drawing Graphite and colored pencil on paper 10 × 12 in. (25.4 × 30.5 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Thru the Mirror, 1936 Bob Wickersham Clean-up animation drawing Graphite and colored pencil on paper 10 × 12 in. (25.4 × 30.5 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Beauty and the Beast, 1991 Peter J. Hall Concept art Watercolor, marker and graphite on paper 23 7/8 × 18 in. (60.6 × 45.7 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • The China Shop, 1934 Disney Studio Artist Story sketch Colored pencil and graphite on paper 6 × 8 in. (15.2 × 20.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

    The China Shop, 1934 Disney Studio Artist Story sketch Colored pencil and graphite on paper 6 × 8 in. (15.2 × 20.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney The China Shop, 1934 Disney Studio Artist Story sketch Colored pencil and graphite on paper 6 × 8 in. (15.2 × 20.3 cm) Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
  • Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Joachim Kändler (German, 1706–1775) Faustina Bordoni and Fox, ca. 1743 Hard-paste porcelain 6 x 11 x 6 3/4 in. (15.2 x 27.9 x 17.1 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964 (64.101.125)

    Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Joachim Kändler (German, 1706–1775) Faustina Bordoni and Fox, ca. 1743 Hard-paste porcelain 6 x 11 x 6 3/4 in. (15.2 x 27.9 x 17.1 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964 (64.101.125) Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present) Johann Joachim Kändler (German, 1706–1775) Faustina Bordoni and Fox, ca. 1743 Hard-paste porcelain 6 x 11 x 6 3/4 in. (15.2 x 27.9 x 17.1 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964 (64.101.125)
  • Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) After a model by Etienne-Maurice Falconet (French, 1716–1791) Based on a design by François Boucher (French, 1703–1770) The Magic Lantern, ca. 1760 Soft-paste biscuit porcelain 6 1/8 × 6 3/4 × 5 1/4 in. (15.6 × 17.1 × 13.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Ella Morris de Peyster, 1957 (58.60.10)

    Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) After a model by Etienne-Maurice Falconet (French, 1716–1791) Based on a design by François Boucher (French, 1703–1770) The Magic Lantern, ca. 1760 Soft-paste biscuit porcelain 6 1/8 × 6 3/4 × 5 1/4 in. (15.6 × 17.1 × 13.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Ella Morris de Peyster, 1957 (58.60.10) Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) After a model by Etienne-Maurice Falconet (French, 1716–1791) Based on a design by François Boucher (French, 1703–1770) The Magic Lantern, ca. 1760 Soft-paste biscuit porcelain 6 1/8 × 6 3/4 × 5 1/4 in. (15.6 × 17.1 × 13.3 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Ella Morris de Peyster, 1957 (58.60.10)
  • Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Jean-Claude Duplessis (French, ca. 1695–1774, active 1748–74) Vase (vase à tête d'éléphant) (one of a pair), ca. 1758 Soft-paste porcelain 15 7/16 × 10 5/16 × 6 1/4 in. (39.2 × 26.2 × 15.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1958 (58.75.91a, b)

    Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Jean-Claude Duplessis (French, ca. 1695–1774, active 1748–74) Vase (vase à tête d'éléphant) (one of a pair), ca. 1758 Soft-paste porcelain 15 7/16 × 10 5/16 × 6 1/4 in. (39.2 × 26.2 × 15.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1958 (58.75.91a, b) Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present) Jean-Claude Duplessis (French, ca. 1695–1774, active 1748–74) Vase (vase à tête d'éléphant) (one of a pair), ca. 1758 Soft-paste porcelain 15 7/16 × 10 5/16 × 6 1/4 in. (39.2 × 26.2 × 15.9 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1958 (58.75.91a, b)

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Blanche-neige et les sept nains des frères Grimm, La Belle au bois dormant de Charles Perrault ou encore La Petite Sirène d'Hans Christian Andersen..Walt Disney n'a eu de cesse de s'inspirer des contes européens. Mais qu'en est-il des objets et des décors qui font vivre ces contes? Depuis le 10 décembre, le Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York – dit “le MET” – dédie une exposition à Walt Disney et ses influences artistiques. Intitulée “Inspiring Walt Disney : The Animation of French Decorative Arts”, cette vaste rétrospective fait le lien entre le monde du célèbre réalisateur et producteur américain de films d'animation, né en 1901 et disparu en 1966, et de l'empire qu'il a fondé. Un grand nombre de ses propres inspirations et celles de ses studios, pour la plupart européennes, y sont réunies : lors de ses nombreux voyages en Europe, Walt Disney a notamment découvert le rococo, mouvement artistique né en France au 18e siècle faisant la part belle au plaisir et à l’émerveillement, si adéquat à l’univers des contes de fées. Des horloges dorées, des chandeliers baroques et des théières en porcelaine issus des collections du musée new-yorkais rappellent par exemple les personnages animés de la Belle et la Bête, qui fête cette année ses trente ans.

Cinderella, 1950
Mary Blair, Concept art
Gouache, graphite et encre sur carton, 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm)
Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney Cinderella, 1950
Mary Blair, Concept art
Gouache, graphite et encre sur carton, 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm)
Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney
Cinderella, 1950
Mary Blair, Concept art
Gouache, graphite et encre sur carton, 12 × 10 in. (30.5 × 25.4 cm)
Walt Disney Animation Research Library © Disney

Jusqu'au 6 mars, le MET expose ainsi nombre d'objets décoratifs et précieux, permettant de revisiter les grands classiques du créateur à l'aune des dialogues qu'entretiennent cinéma et arts décoratifs. L'exposition permet de découvrir les clins d'œil à l'architecture néo-gothique dans Cendrillon (1950) ou encore les références aux manuscrits médiévaux ornés dans la Belle au bois dormant (1959). Les échanges se font aussi dans la peinture : Les hasards heureux de l'escarpolette, l'un des chefs-d'oeuvre du peintre français du 18e Jean-Honoré Fragonard, devait apparaître dans La Belle et la Bête, mais c'est finalement dans la Reine des neiges (2013) qu'il y sera fait référence. Plus de 60 œuvres et objets d'art de ce siècle sont mis en parallèle avec des dessins et essais issus des archives des studios américains, et tout semble se répondre dans un joyeux mouvement de correspondance. Wolf Bouchard, le commissaire d'exposition explique à l'AFP, que ces objets décoratifs et les décors de Walt Disney se ressemblent au sens où ils "cherchent à parler à nos émotions, plutôt qu'à notre intellect". Une ambition partagée par cette exposition, qui dresse un pont entre réalité et fantaisie.

 

 

“Inspiring Walt Disney : The Animation of French Decorative Arts”, jusqu'au 6 mars 2022, au Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.